Since gaining independence from the former Soviet Union, Tajikistan has been a struggling republic faced with ethnic tensions, civil war and mass displacement. Two decades after the severe conflict, Tajikistan remains one of the poorest and least developed countries in the world, facing a state of economic collapse and large-scale unemployment. Since 1994, Shelter For Life has worked on a range of humanitarian and community development initiatives, including: community-based disaster risk reduction, transitional shelter assistance, community construction projects, community education in HIV/AIDS prevention, vocation training for returnees, and business development.